I can’t help it. Every time I hear Donald Trump speaking, Hugo Chavez comes to mind. They look nothing alike, of course, but they share a startling number of traits.
I am hardly the first to point out the similarities between the Republican presidential candidate and the late Venezuelan strongman. Just Google ‘Chavez and Trump’ to see a long list of articles and discussions about demagoguery, populism and authoritarianism in the early 21st century. As someone who has been attacked by both Chavez and Trump, let me tell you how they are alike.
Everything is about them. The word ‘I’ is heard nonstop in their speeches. Also, Chavez tended to refer to himself in the third person; Trump has done the same in his speeches. This egocentricity is a sign of arrogance, if not megalomania.
After Chavez was elected president, he consolidated his power, just as Trump would do. Men like Chavez and Trump want neither criticism nor competition. They are their own best advisers, and they are always the focus of attention. Their will transcends any law or tradition.
They both hate the press. They get upset if anybody challenges them, and, if confronted, they insult and attack. For instance, back in 2000, I was interviewing Chavez in Venezuela. At one point, I wanted to clarify something, and his only response was, “You’re repeating trash.” Trump did something similar at a 2015 news conference in Iowa, although instead of answering my questions, he had a bodyguard throw me out.
Trump, like Chavez, eventually learned how to circumvent the press. Why give news conferences—where journalists can ask embarrassing questions—if you can capture a broader audience with televised speeches? These days, American television networks give Trump an inordinate amount of airtime.
Also, I never saw Chavez use a teleprompter—he would go on television and improvise for hours. Trump distrusts the teleprompter unless he wants to sound like someone he is not—though he has the same ‘Chavista’ ability to speak off the cuff and tell people what they want to hear.
Indeed, both Chavez and Trump are mind readers. That’s their political gift. They understand people’s woes, choose an enemy, divide the country, then present themselves as the only saviours. And, they practise magical thinking. They believe that things will happen just because they want them to, and they demand blind faith in their promises.
Their self-esteem is huge. They use their personal histories—Chavez’s rise from poverty, Trump’s supposed Midas touch—to shore up their electoral narratives, as if they are saying, ‘I can transform the country just as I transformed myself.’
Both men are the centre of the election cycle. Other candidates tend to vanish, and the election becomes a referendum on their persona. Trump: Yes or no? Chavez: Yes or no?
They are both utterly unprincipled. Chavez blatantly lied to gain power in 1998. And he told me that he would likely hand over the presidency in five years and would not change laws to take control of any private companies or news organisations. But he eventually trashed many laws and stayed in power for 13 years until he died.
Trump is also famously a liar. The New York Times recently detailed 31 of Trump’s most common falsehoods, and Politico identified 87 instances in which the candidate exaggerated or said something untrue within a period of five days.
Basically, Trump and Chavez are typical caudillos—strongmen who lean authoritarian. Unfortunately, we have seen too many of those in Latin America. Due to Venezuela’s weak democratic system, Chavez abused his power and became what amounted to a dictator. No nation would now envy Venezuela’s fate.