Interview/ Rajiv Pratap Rudy, minister of state for skill development and entrepreneurship
Please comment on the progress of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana.
PMKVY today has total 19,74,624 enrolments. Of them, 19,72,832 have completed their training, and 12,08,083 have been certified. The scheme is implemented by 32 Sector Skill Councils and have 416 job roles across 29 states and six Union Territories. The ministry of skill development through National Skill Development Corporation has conducted 410 Kaushal Melas across the country to ensure the schemes reach its right target audience.
Project implementing agencies (PIAs) have complained that paying a stipend to trainees has brought a lot of non-serious candidates into the system.
No stipend is being paid to candidates for undertaking the training. Only to motivate those who do have financial constraints to undertake the trainings, PMKVY offers monetary rewards to candidates. The monetary reward for various job roles within a sector varies as per job role levels. Higher incentives will be given for training in manufacturing, construction and plumbing sectors. This amount was arrived at after taking various factors like cost of training and willingness of trainees to pay.
Monetary reward will be directly transferred to the bank account of the beneficiary on completion of the training and successfully clearing the assessment and certification under the scheme. A candidate is eligible to receive monetary reward only once during the course of the scheme. For successful certification and receipt of reward amount, the candidate must have a valid bank account and Aadhaar number. In the next phase, PMKVY will be on a grant-based model.
According to the response to an RTI query, the NSDC has been able to identify only 5 per cent of candidates as having been placed after being trained under PMKVY.
Reporting of employment was not mandatory under PMKVY. Therefore, our tracking mechanism does not make it essential to report details of placements, as of now. However, we have taken this into account and under PMKVY’s next phase, employment monitoring has been made mandatory so that we know where the candidates have been placed or are self-employed.
The numbers shared through our response to RTI are not reflective of all the placements that have happened. The numbers will be many times higher but since training partners were not mandated to report back, only a few have shared placement data and thus the numbers are limited and reflect a small fraction of actual placements. Also, please note that placements follow only after certifications. We have recently completed certification of 12 lakh youth post completion of their training. The others are under the process of assessment and certification.
When the RTI was filed in early May 2016, the number of students certified was 8 lakh and around 80,000 were placed. In the last two months, we have been able to complete certification of 3.5 lakh more candidates [reaching a total of 11.5 lakh certifications], and we placed close to 60,000 students more, making the total number of candidates 1,42,161 as on July 5, 2016.
PMKVY’s next phase will be placement-linked. Under the revised scheme, 20 per cent of the payout to training partners is linked to the placement. In this way, we can ensure substantial outcome of the training.
Gender discrimination is obstructing the skilling of women in states like Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
I think the mindset is changing and society is more gender conscious. Where you have government schemes like Beti Bachao, Beti Padao, which are an endeavour towards saving the girl child and improving the efficiency of welfare services meant for women, we are also seeing a commendable acceptance of skill development of women. In the last one year, around 44 per cent of the candidates who undertook skill development training under PMKVY were women. States like Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan have seen some good number of women undertaking skill development training. There have been an increment of 75 per cent to 85 per cent in number of training done in Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
Are you happy with the participation of the private sector in the skilling initiative, especially considering that the NSDC remains largely government-funded?
We have taken a lot of decisions and measures which have helped NSDC to make a strategic shift in the last six to eight months. We are strengthening industry connect through various initiatives including simplified processes for CSR partnership, creating centres of excellence across states, and partnering with existing engineering colleges and polytechnics on infrastructure.