Board exams twice a year; Class 11, 12 students not restricted to 'streams': Centre's new guidelines

Board exams to assess understanding, not memorisation, according to new framework

CBSE board exams this year have been rocked by leaks of examination papers of Class 10 maths and Class 12 economics | AFP Representational image | AFP

The Centre on Wednesday announced major changes in the curriculum for CBSE schools, keeping in line with the National Education Policy (NEP). Here is a look at the key points in the New Curriculum Framework (NCF).

1. According to the Ministry of Education's statement, board exams will be conducted twice and year and students will be allowed to retain the best score.

2. Board exams will assess understanding, achievement of competencies than months of coaching and memorisation

3. Students of classes 11 and 12 must study two languages, the ministry said, adding that at least one of these must be Indian.

4. New textbooks, according to NEP, will be developed for the 2024 academic year.

5. Current practice of 'covering' textbook portions in classrooms will be avoided and the cost of the books will be optimised.

6. Students to get flexibility to choose subjects in classes 11, 12 and not be restricted to 'streams' such as Arts, Science and Commerce.

The NCF aims to bring about sweeping changes in the Indian educational system by changing the way subjects are taught in classrooms, and promote creativity among students. Besides attempting to break rote learning patterns, the framework also challenges educational institutions to develop infrastructure to teach a variety of courses. 


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