Govt notifies hand sanitisers, masks, gloves as essential commodities

Disaster Management Act was invoked to ensure their price regulation, availability

Jammu masks ap A volunteer distributes face masks for prevention against coronavirus outside a government-run hospital in Jammu | AP

The government on Friday declared face masks and hand sanitisers as essential commodities for the next 100 days as it stepped up efforts to boost supply and prevent hoarding of these items in its fight to check spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19).

The Centre has also invoked Disaster Management Act to ensure price regulation and availability of surgical and protective masks, hand sanitisers and gloves.

Both masks (2-ply and 3-ply surgical masks, N95 masks) and hand sanitisers have been brought under Essential Commodities Act, 1955, empowering states to regulate production, distribution and prices of these items and also crack down on hoarding and black marketing.

"Government has notified an order under the Essential Commodities Act to declare these items as essential commodities up to June 30, 2020, by amending the schedule of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955," the consumer affairs ministry said in a statement.

The decision would empower the government and states/UTs to regulate production, quality and distribution of masks and hand sanitisers for smooth sale and availability of these items. It also empowers to carry out operations against speculators and those involved in over-pricing and black marketing.

"It will enhance the availability of both the items to the general people at reasonable prices or maximum retail price," the ministry said.

The government pointed out that masks and hand sanitisers are either not available in the market or are available with great difficulty at exorbitant prices, in view of the ongoing outbreak of the novel coronavirus.

The government has also issued an advisory under the Legal Metrology Act.

Under the Essential Commodities Act, state governments can ask manufacturers to enhance their production capacity of these items for augmenting supply, while states can ensure sale of both the items under the Legal Metrology Act.

States can now notify the Central order in their official gazettes and also issue their own orders under the Essential Commodities Act depending on the situation, the ministry said.

They may take action against offenders under the Essential Commodities Act and PBMMSEC Act (Prevention of Blackmarketing and Maintenance of Supplies of Essential Commodities Act), 1980.

An offender under the Essential Commodities Act can be punished with imprisonment of up to seven years or fine or both. Under the PBMMSEC Act, one can be detained for maximum of six months.

Meanwhile, the Centre has also invoked Disaster Management Act to ensure price regulation and availability of surgical and protective masks, hand sanitisers and gloves.

Amid reports of non-availability and black marketing of surgical and protective masks, sanitisers and gloves and as a measure of preparedness to address the challenge of outbreak of COVID-19, the health ministry has mandated the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) to notify these items as drugs.

"In pursuance of directions conveyed by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare vide order dated 13.03.2020 under clause (I) of sub-section (2) of section 10 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005, National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority has been mandated to regulate the availability and prices of the Surgical and protective masks, hand sanitisers and gloves," the pharmaceuticals department under the chemicals and fertilisers ministry said.

The NPPA has directed all state /UT governments to take necessary steps to ensure sufficient availability of surgical and protective masks, hand sanitisers and gloves at prices not exceeding the price printed on the pack size.

State/UT governments have also been directed to monitor the production and distribution of above mentioned items by the manufacturers/ importers, stockists and retailers and ensure that hoarding, black marketing and profiteering may not happen.

The Essential Commodities Act was passed to ensure the delivery of certain commodities or products, the supply of which, if obstructed owing to hoarding or black marketing, would affect the normal life of people. This includes foodstuffs, drugs and fuels (petroleum products).

The act itself does not lay out rules and regulations but allows the states to issue control orders related to dealer licensing, regulate stock limits and restrict movement of goods and requirements of compulsory purchases under a levy system.

📣 The Week is now on Telegram. Click here to join our channel (@TheWeekmagazine) and stay updated with the latest headlines