Today’s era must not be of war and all states must act in a manner consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the UN Charter in its entirety, read the New Delhi declaration, adopted by G20 leaders during the Summit in New Delhi on Saturday. However, without naming Russia, the declaration called for the cessation of attacks on energy and grain facilities in Ukraine.
“Concerning the war in Ukraine, while recalling the discussion in Bali, we reiterated our national positions and resolutions adopted at the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly and underscored that all states must act in a manner consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the UN Charter in its entirety,” it said. The declaration said that use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is inadmissible. “In line with the UN Charter, all states must refrain from the threat or use of force to seek territorial acquisition against the territorial integrity and sovereignty or political independence of any state,” it added.
G20 maintained that it was a forum for economic cooperation and “not the platform to resolve geopolitical and security issues.” However, it said, “We acknowledge that these issues can have significant consequences for the global economy.”
The declaration appreciated the UN and Turkiye-brokered Black Sea grain deal which facilitated the export of grains from Ukraine. The declaration called for “full, timely and effective implementation” of the Black Sea initiative to ensure the immediate and unimpeded deliveries of grain, foodstuffs, and fertilizers/inputs from the Russian Federation and Ukraine. “Emphasizing the importance of sustaining food and energy security, we called for the cessation of military destruction or other attacks on relevant infrastructure,” the declaration read.
“We call on all states to uphold the principles of international law including territorial integrity and sovereignty, international humanitarian law, and the multilateral system that safeguards peace and stability,” it said.