A trial opened on Friday in Sweden in the case of two Iranian-born Swedish brothers who have been charged with spying for Russia and its military intelligence service GRU for a decade.
Peyman Kia, 42, and Payam Kia, 35, appeared before the Stockholm District Court to face accusations of having worked jointly to pass information to Russia between September 28 in 2011 and September 20, 2021.
Between 2014 and 2015, Peyman Kia worked for Sweden's domestic intelligence agency and also for Sweden's armed forces.
Sweden's prosecutors allege that the data they gave the Russians originated from several authorities within the Swedish security and intelligence service, known by its acronym SAPO.
Swedish media said that Peyman Kia worked for the armed forces' foreign defence intelligence agency, whose Swedish acronym is MUST, and reportedly worked with a top-secret unit under MUST which was dealing with Swedish spies abroad.
Intelligence expert Joakim von Braun told Swedish broadcaster SVT as the trial opened that even though many details remain unknown, it appeared to be one of most damaging cases of espionage in Sweden's history because the men compiled a list of all the employees within SAPO.
“That alone is a big problem because Russian intelligence focuses on human sources,” von Braun said.
Peyman Kia was arrested in September 2021 and his brother in November 2021. Both denied any wrongdoing, their defence lawyers told the court.
Payam Kia, 35, helped his brother and dismantled, broke a hard drive which was later found in a trash can when his brother was arrested, according to chargesheet obtained by The Associated Press.
The naturalised Swedish citizens face sentences up to life imprisonment if convicted.
In another case, Swedish authorities on Thursday released one of two people arrested this week on suspicions of spying against Sweden and another foreign power, but the freed person remains a suspect.
The two were arrested on Tuesday in a predawn operation in the Stockholm area. Authorities have given few details about the case, but Swedish media cited witnesses who described elite police rappelling from two Black Hawk helicopters to arrest them.
According to the Swedish reports, the two were a couple and are both Russians who arrived in Sweden in the late 1990s.