Suryakumar Yadav's injury explained: Everything you need to know about 'sports hernia'

The most common symptom of sports hernia are pain in both sides of the groin

suryakumar-yadav-t20-ap Suryakumar Yadav hits a four during the T20 World Cup match between India and Zimbabwe in Melbourne | AP/PTI

Ace Indian T20 batter Suryakumar Yadav suffered an injury during the third T20I against South Africa in Johannesburg on December 14. Reports state that Suryakumar, 33, was diagnosed with a Grade-II tear after he had twisted his ankle while fielding against the Proteas. 

The condition suffered by Suryakumar Yadav is often referred to as "sports hernia." The injury has ruled him out from the ongoing Ranji Trophy for at least a few initial matches of the upcoming IPL season. Suryakumar is scheduled to undergo surgery in Germany, reports added.

For the unversed, here is everything you need to know about the sports hernia. It is frequently misdiagnosed as an inguinal hernia, and a clinical evaluation and adequate investigation are required prior to treatment planning.

Sports hernia, also known as the athletic pubalgia, sportsman’s hernia and Gilmore’s groin is an injury or a tear in the muscles/tendons in the lower abdomen or groin area.

Sports that entail pelvic twisting, like football, hockey, football, rugby, skiing and athletics are particularly prone to repetitive or explosive motions that result in sports hernias. 

  • Most often, injuries or tears occur to the soft tissues in the pubic and lower abdominal regions that facilitate these motions. 
  • The abductors tendons, which connect the thigh muscles to the pelvic bone, are frequently pulled or stretched, resulting in sports hernias.

Most common symptoms of sports hernia are pain in both sides of the groin, discomfort when twisted or turned, and weakness in the groin making it difficult to engage in physical activities. 

Less common symptoms of sports hernia include swelling in the groin, a visible bulge, at last pain that worsens over time.

Diagnosis of sports hernia by professionals is either by physical examinations, imaging testing like MRI  or ultrasound or looking at their medical history etc.

The healing period for a sports hernia varies depending on the severity of the injury, location, and the therapeutic method used. In some cases, a surgery is advised by the doctor, as it might be necessary to repair the torn or strained tissue. A longer healing period, usually lasting between 6 and 12 weeks, may be required in more severe cases or those requiring surgery.

Mild cases can heal in about 8 weeks with proper rest and physical therapy, which is crucial to the rehabilitation process.

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