The custody battle between estranged couple Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie just heated up, with a judge ordering new restrictions for Jolie's involvement in Pitt's interaction with their six children.
According to court documents obtained by people.com, Jolie could be in danger of losing primary custody of the children if she doesn't take steps to improve their relationship with their father.
A judge in the estranged couple's ongoing divorce case said in the documents that "it is critical that each of (the six) children have a healthy and strong relationship with their father and mother" and that Jolie must allow Pitt to maintain that.
Family law attorney David Glass, who is not associated with the case, told people.com that it "is extremely rare" to see a court intervene in this way though they typically do so after extensive evaluation and to prevent children from being alienated from one parent.
"It looks like what this judge was weighing was the difference between estrangement and alienation," said Glass, who has not had access to the court documents.
"The difference there is, estrangement is when children aren't connected to one of the parents, mainly because of something that parent did. So a hypothetical, if dad screams and yells at the kids and doesn't treat them nicely, the kids stop wanting to see dad, that's estrangement. An alienation refers to where children have been told by the other parent that the parent they're not seeing is bad, or doesn't like them, or doesn't care about them.
"Just talking badly about the other parent and the kids start to internalize what the other parent is telling them. In alienation cases, kids will typically just repeat words that are beyond their years, or they will repeat reasons that they don't possibly have access to the information," Glass added.
Glass also said: "It's a rare case where the court will find that someone alienated the kids. It takes a lot to move the court past estrangement into alienation, but once it's determined that one parent is alienating the kids, the court has no choice but to jump in and make pretty strong orders right away."
The judge also outlined specific steps Jolie should take to aid Pitt's access to the children, including a detailed summer visitation schedule, and easy phone access between Pitt and each of the kids, without monitoring or interference from their mother.
According to the court documents, the kids have to continue to see their therapist with Pitt, which Glass says is a positive step.
"That's the first good news, that the kids are in therapy and that dad is somehow involved in the therapy. That's where the kids can work out whatever issues they have. It's that continuing contact with dad … all those little pieces that eventually lead to some sort of reunification with their dad."
Jolie filed for divorce from Pitt on September 19, 2016. The have six children: Maddox, 16, Pax, 14, Zahara, 13, Shiloh, 12, and 9-year-old twins Vivienne and Knox.