The booming retail credit market in the country is propelled by the increasing demand for credit cards and consumer loans. This increase in credit penetration is directly proportional to the rising demand for goods and services by an age group that constitutes two-thirds of India's population—the millennials. If you fall into the 20 to 35 years age group, you are a millennial. You may be straight out of college and joining the workforce, or you may already have about 12-13 years of work experience.
In a recent TransUnion CIBIL market survey, millennials emerged as the fastest growing segment, poised to change the credit landscape with an affinity for credit, financial goals and aspirations. This group’s credit appetite is fuelled by their aspirations to upgrade their lifestyles, purchase vehicles and provide for their families in case of an emergency. If you are a new-to-credit or loan-aspiring millennial, let us take a look at how you can create a positive credit profile.
CIBIL data indicates that 39 per cent of loans have been sanctioned to the millennial age group. Within this segment, 38 per cent of loans sanctioned were towards credit cards, followed by two-wheeler loans (17 per cent) and consumer loans (16 per cent).
Those who are in the early stages of their careers are exposed to a longer credit lifecycle and might have a larger credit appetite. As per the survey, millennials agree that loans are the best way to afford an expensive purchase. But, they are also financially diligent to repay debts on time.
Since access to credit is critical when making a big purchase or spending on a medical emergency, there may be a few aspects that a new-to-credit millennial should be mindful of. Here are key steps that can help you maintain a healthy credit profile:
GETTING STARTED WITH CREDIT
Create a credit footprint: If you have not used credit before, you will not have a history that lenders can refer to for granting a loan. You can create one by taking a consumer durable loan of a smaller amount (such as a smartphone purchase on EMI) that can be easily repaid.
Apply for a credit card from the same bank where you have a salary account: A bank that already has your salary account is in a better position to offer you a credit card, primarily because you already have a relationship with them.
Access credit responsibly: If you are a salaried individual, you may be receiving offers for credit cards with cash-back benefits and higher credit limits. The key is in knowing whether you truly need so many credit cards or not. Do not fall into a debt trap by taking on more cards than you can manage. Instead, start using one credit card responsibly to create a favourable credit history.
Make timely payments a habit: Once you do get a credit card, you need to be wary of two key dates—the billing date and, more importantly, the due date. Remember that a single failed payment can affect your credit health and CIBIL score for the next two years. This is because a CIBIL score is based on the last 24 months of credit behaviour, and, so, a failed payment today has a long-term effect on your score and your access to credit. A due date reminder on mobile phone will help in timely payment of dues.
Know your credit limit: When availing credit offers, the most important factor to keep in mind is your credit utilisation limit. The optimum range would be to use up to 50 per cent of your card utilisation limit, unless in an emergency. Maxing your cards and failing to pay on time can negatively impact your CIBIL score.
While these steps will definitely help you gear up for a positive credit profile, it is imperative to monitor your CIBIL score and report regularly. As you start availing of loan offers, your credit footprint will be recorded and will be a critical factor in determining your access to credit offers later. It is never too early to check your score to ensure correct credit history (or no history), and other information reflecting in your report. Like a reputation, your CIBIL score mirrors your past (credit) behaviour. It will take time and patience to build a good profile, so start working towards a positive credit footprint today.
Mehta is vice president and head of direct to consumer interactive, TransUnion CIBIL.